Kunst! Speeding up the time waiting for driverless cars

Kunst! Speeding up the time waiting for driverless cars

lexus technology Paul Karin2 days ago. Photo Drive and manufacturers The concept of self-trained Teammate Highway driving on the motorway and looks a little different from the usual hybrid Lexus GS 450h. On the way to fully Autonomous models Toyota is trying to turn the car from servants of man to his partner.

W activity the car to drive without a driver trying for nearly a hundred years. In 1925, Houdina Radio Control company introduced a radio-controlled concept Linrrican Wonder based car Chandler, who according to the signals from escort cars drove to new York from Broadway to Fifth Avenue. In the fifties of the last century, evoking the idea of «bind» the car to the road embedded in the pavement sensors, and in 1977, the Japanese taught robomobile to go by the signals from cameras. Finally, I roll around Tokyo in unmanned Lexus GS and overtake unmanned same Nissan Leaf! For the summer Olympics 2020 both promise to be serial.

A clipping from advertising from energy companies of America 1957: they believed that the course the drones will be set mounted in the roadbed of the electric fixtures. How it could work, look at the video to The Associated Press.

Today the theme of government vehicles even an automotive company such as Google, Baidu and Uber. Points of interest about their success with the impressions of eyewitnesses, we have gathered under the heading of the Unmanned vehicles 2 Drive. The General conclusion is simple: one hundred years were not in vain and now, whether we like it or not, the autopilot technology is with us forever. Its first significant manifestation in the series: the electric car Tesla Model S and a relative mass of Mercedes E-class new generation can go on the highway.

Unmanned Nissan Leaf with dozens of cameras showed up for a reason ― it was during the motor show in Tokyo, all the manufacturers boasted. Unlike Toyota nissanusa not rolled on the highway and around town, and on their own car is turned only to the left.

The main advantage of besplatnosti is the elimination of the human factor, which accounts for about 90 percent of the accidents. Annually in road accidents worldwide, killed 1.3 million people, injure more than 50 million, and the provision of assistance and elimination of consequences spent about three trillion dollars — that’s almost all profitable part of the budget of the United States. Secondly, it saves time, space and money in its purest form. Do not be distracted by the road to look for a gas station or Parking lot, where robomobile without opening the door, you can get up tighter. The UAV can serve not one family, but several ― and in the future generally become for the consumer free.

The Japanese promised to test the autopilot will we go to the frighteningly loaded line, but in fact it turned out to be a ring road at four o’clock Sunday morning. The microbus — with the audience.

After the story Bones Bolotova, run on the German autobahn Audi A7 Sportback piloted driving concept, I was expecting from the meeting with a self-administered Lexus new «progressive» emotions. But it turned out casually. The Japanese did not dare to put me behind the wheel, and the arbitrariness of the concept of Highway Teammate I watched from the passenger seat: acceleration, integration into the flow, keeping your distance, rebuilding everything is much calmer than it usually is in the cab. When you see all of this firsthand, losing my patience and want to skip to the full and not haveaname the autopilot. It is already clear how this will work.

Today Tokyo route for unmanned Lexus includes segment line and a couple of not very intricate interchanges. Besides the person, ready at any moment to take the controls in the car is his colleague with a laptop to control settings.

You are concerned that drones will deprive us of the pleasure of driving or would be helpless in the Russian realities? Relax! Full autopilot requires prepared soil: technical, legal and infrastructural. And on its cultivation needs time. And so much worse than the original parcel, the more time it will take. Driverless technology will be distributed very unevenly ― and we with you on traditional cars will nakalema fill.

The computer shows the people how he operates the machine. Right — position of steering wheel and pedals (they, of course, not pressed — use only electronic signals) and the navigation plan of action: after 1300 m you will be rebuilt right.

The drones, incidentally, is the most Mature of the whole grain robocolor. Their «senses» ― cameras, radars, ultrasonic sensors and GPS modules have long been used in the car separately, and now, finally, work together. In the case of the Lexus ― even with six lidars (laser radars). Driverless cars already have enough «brains» to respond to «external stimuli», but they continue to accumulate a base of knowledge hitherto unavailable pace. Because sharing of telemetry data, and teach each other. In the end, the newborn drone can do everything that learned his predecessors.

Today the drones allowed on the road, required the driver insurer. But in the future, even in cases where the accident can not be avoided, decide to be a computer. For example, the developer of an unmanned KAMAZ, the company Cognitive Technologies, working on the scripts exit with a public survey.

General access to the cloud based data and toyotovskie cartography: any car with a front camera and a GPS tracker participates in the creation and updating of digital road models. Came across a new sign ― about it immediately recognized everything. More data ― faster development. Imagine how many Toyotas and Lexuses you can use to gather information? In addition, now the production model Toyota Crown and Prius for the Japanese market by system Connect ITS lead a «dialogue» with the road infrastructure, getting affect the security of the information that is not available for on-Board sensors.

About the system, ITS, Intelligent Transportation System, on which companies operate around the world, we first told seven years ago. Today the control unit and the antenna of the complex is ITS Connect that is configured on the frequency of 760 MHz, Toyota is estimated about 300$.

Cameras and sensors Connect ITS system fixed on a Tokyo intersection. Right — communication options with the outside world, including warnings about noise, the prediction of traffic signals and simply keeping your distance.

Almost half of fatal accidents in Japan, it happens at intersections. ITS system Connect sound and flashing on the dashboard icon will warn the driver about pedestrians and oncoming vehicles when turning right (as we left). In addition, it monitors the phases of traffic lights, helping catch the «green wave» (so-called communication V2I, Vehicle-to-Infrastructure), and allows machines to communicate with each other (V2V, Vehicle-to-Vehicle). The main thing ― again United the mind: to make the connection V2V, you need to equip modules type ITS Connect about 10% of the vehicle fleet, and ideally ― all 80.

When the car is going to turn right, crossing the oncoming stream from the crossing, on the dashboard POPs up a warning about the presence in the way of cars and people — and an audible signal.

Today in Japan, only 25 «interactive» crossroads, but this year their number will double. After the modules V2I Toyota will begin equipping its models Mazda, Nissan and Subaru, they are already embedded in the same E-class. All this, as well as expanded use of radars with cameras ― steps to complete AutoProtect. In California for nearly a dozen companies received a license to the road test with drones, the Agency NHTSA will present this year the first version of «unmanned» rules of the road, but British insurers have created a group to address «self» issues. And yet none of the players «autopilot» of the market really hasn’t come together.

For the logo and the bumpers are hidden five radars of millimeter band and six lidar — active optical range finders. Behind the windscreen camera. Lateral positioning accuracy of the machine is 10 cm, longitudinal — half a meter.

In Toyota believe that the interface of human interaction with the drone, and digitization of roads, all stakeholders must do together, and to compete, say, in the product itself. But while such unions the Japanese not even going to make maps yourself. Is it possible that in the future Toyota will supply car hardware for the same Google? They say everything can be. And despite the fact that besplatnosti benefits primarily to shipping companies, where the human driver has a salary, currently in Toyota focus mainly on privateers is our main product range, say, cars.

The combination of cameras, radars and lidars due to the fact that each of these «organs of sight» has a resolution and range. Today speed limit unmanned Lexus — 130 km/h, although we are in Tokyo rolled twice slower.

To us fell the most interesting stage in the development of driverless technology — when you can try everything, in fact, be implanted into a drone straight from the Lada. Firm first Continental promises fully Autonomous cars by 2025, Hyundai group-Kia — by 2030. Only in the next two years the Koreans are going to spend on that topic two billion dollars! Nissan to work on the drones hires people from the space Agency NASA, Toyotomi lured one of the key managers of the military Agency DARPA, have eaten a dog on a stand-alone transport and more than ten years, organizing competitions of robotic vehicles. For mass-market there is a struggle for life and death.

From the editor Mikhail Petrovsky

And how far is ready to go mass producers in introducing drone technologies? On the one hand, they must be prepared to meet the demand for «fashion feature». On the other hand, this development laid the risk for usual procedure in the industry. The danger may come from global transport services like uber or new players of the automotive market, for example, Google or Apple, if those initially put on the usual business model with sales of cars and program their sharing, of car sharing.

For coloring the prototypes Google attracts artists from the species distribution area, California mountain view, and Austin Texas. But more interesting records of the company, where you can find, for example, the history of failures of the autopilot and monitor its progress.

The spread of the autopilot will be a strong impetus for the development of car sharing, and Vice versa. When Autonomous cars with unprecedented efficiency starts to serve everyone, and the price of this service will be lower cost of ownership by private car (it’s inevitable), with the increasing popularity of public transport will disappear ligament is the owner of the vehicle, and hence the owner is the brand. Well, anybody sign up?

One of the immediate technological challenges — to protect the drones (or rather, their «organs of sight») from the weather. For example, Ford tests their cars by the snowfall in the nonexistent city Mcitybuilt for driverless prototypes.

Every manufacturer aims to keep consumers in their own ecosystem. Therefore, there are no universal standards V2V, General cards, integrated database… the auto Industry as if not interested in decisions that to an outsider seem obvious to increase the efficiency of the system. Competing for market share companies do not want this technology became available, universal and massive. Although this is a request from the society! State regulators will try to implement it and to democratize the market, however the lobby as long as possible will keep the autopilot from cheaper, penetration into mass market and natural distribution.

At the exhibition CES , the company introduced the KIA brand Drive Wise for their electronic driver assistance systems and Autonomous technologies. Experimental Soul EV independently drives around the highways, like Highway toyotovskie Teammate, paving bus routes in the city — and follows a moving car even in the absence of markup.

Autopilot electric cars Kia Soul EV allows you to Park it on a signal from the key — or smart watches, is already being sold around the world.

Probably public passenger transport at first will become Autonomous only through proprietary programs of car sharing. And leased unmanned i3 will act on the basis of the data collected by BMW and Audi will be conditional public use vsefolksvagenovskoy algorithms. But one day, a certain contingent of uber or Google will appear your mesmerisingly car, and their protocols V2V and V2I will be written using open-source code that will create conditions for natural propagation and transformation in the global standard — many manufacturers can not survive…

By the way, to brand karteninhaber programs have just joined Maven of GM. Park motley: from Sparks to Tahoe. The car sharing is also a way to use idle machines privateers. To do this, GM acquired the company uberoptions Sidecar and Lyft have invested in, and, for example, the Daimler in 2014 took control of the company RideScout and mytaxi. The automotive industry expands its competences!

What exciting may be the theme of the evolution of brands, today it is secondary. Most importantly — the technology that will inevitably change the world. Sooner or later, but moving from point A to point B will be fully automated — that there is not the slightest doubt. All sorts of «feelings steering» and «steering» will yield to the protection against hackers, experts in handling will become programmers, and people will lose driving skills. Drivers on public roads, as suggested Elon Musk, perhaps even banned. And no one will remember why once just the thought of it seemed sacrilege.

Technique

For technical details about the structure of Autonomous models, the Japanese stingy, but the scheme of digitization of roads is shared. First front and rear car cameras take a lot of pictures of the route, inextricably with GPS coordinates. Then from this set of shots by the «cloud» Refine results with the drives of other machines automatically synthesized final piece of card, and then it completes the overall puzzle.

The more machines will scan a specific area, the higher the accuracy. Toyotomi promise that on straight stretches, the error will not exceed five centimetres, and for a project looking for both public and private partners. Already known road will monitor radar and cameras constantly for updates and reliability.

History

Rate the progress for two years: Lexus LS, able to drive fast on the highway, in 2013. The system was called AHDA, the Automated Highway Driving Assist, and combined adaptive cruise control, which «communicate» with vehicles moving at a frequency of 700 MHz for ITS Protocol (this allows you to accelerate and brake at the same time and not delayed), with the function control of the machine in the band.

In its December report, Google saidthat since 2009 its drones, which today 53, dashed off in offline mode 2.2 million km In Toyota do not consider themselves backward, fending off, what do driverless technology since the late nineties when Google was just born, and has registered more than 1400 «unmanned» patents ― at least twice more than any other manufacturer.

Behind the scenes

While the races of drones can be turned into a show in the van that followed our «g-esom», was a live broadcast going on in the cabin of the Lexus. But when the government become commonplace, fade the brightness, even models such as the Prius or Mirai, not to mention «banal» Crown, which is able to move air deflectors.

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