Updated: the Hybrid Toyota Prius got four-wheel drive

Updated: the Hybrid Toyota Prius got four-wheel drive

Leonid Popov, 7 hours ago. Photo: Toyota

Continuity in the overall approach to design. Still the Prius also looked quite extravagant. The spectacular design of the nose contribute to and compact lights (led in the base).

P remiera fourth generation of the hybrid Toyota Prius took place at a special event in Las Vegas (car show in Frankfurt next week). Built on a new platform TNGA car got 60% more rigid body and reduced the center of gravity. In General, this global firstborn TNGA, as the company promises, has become not only more economical than its predecessor, but also more athletic in nature.

The length of a new (specification for USA, pictured) — 4540 mm (+60 mm to the length of the previous generation), width — 1760 (+15), height — 1470 (-20), wheelbase — 2700 (no change). The coefficient of resistance to air — 0,24. Luggage capacity — 502 litres in the version with no spare wheel and 457 with her.

Both suspensions were subjected to audit, and the rear has changed fundamentally: now there are double wishbones instead of a semi-dependent beam. Improving the controllability of the creators of the hatchback have tried to reflect in the design. The chief designer of Prius Cozy Teshima said that the new Prius is reminiscent of a sports car. By the way, the icon of the company on the nose of the hybrid is on the same level that is quite low coupe GT86.

For the machine is available in eight exterior colors, including new Red Emotional (in the USA — Hypersonic Red) with «deep Shine», by definition of the Toyota.

Although in the whole scheme of the power plant remained the same, what was the previous car, almost every node has been replaced or upgraded. All technical stuff has become smaller and lighter, including the Nickel-hydride battery of the Prius base. The company has not yet revealed the full specifications of the machine, noting only that the thermal efficiency of the new engine — more than 40%, a record for gasoline engines (its predecessor was 38.5 percent).

Inside, designers visually highlighted two areas — the display zone and the control zone located closer to the driver.

A hybrid system consisting of an aggregate 1.8 (98 BHP, 142 nm) and the electric motor (53 kW or 72 HP and 163 N•m), develops a total of about 140-150 HP (the exact value of the firm is not yet indicated) It 10% more economical than the former installation. And charged from the mains variant of the car (it will be shown later) is able to pass on the same electricity more than 50 km.

White lower part of the console with the mode selector motion the designers have tried to make similar in appearance to an exquisite bone China.

All versions of the Prius in the «base» is equipped with new safety system Toyota Safety Sense. Depending on the configuration of the market and it can include automatic braking with pedestrian recognition, adaptive cruise-based radar, the automatic switching of light and other chips. European versions of the Prius in addition will receive the recognition of road signs. In Japan, the novelty will go on sale in late 2015, and soon afterwards in several other countries. The Russian representative did not comment on the possibility of a «fourth» of the Prius we have.


The company revealed more details October 13. In particular, it became known that the model, as expected, first appeared all-wheel drive version with rear module E-Four. There dwelt in him a 72-horsepower electric motor. Interestingly, it does not affect passport and Luggage capacity.

History (Konstantin Bolotov, Leonid Popov)

It all started in 1992 when Toyota has defined a concept of environmental protection. Launched the G21 project («Global twenty-first century»), and its initial goal was to develop a compact, cost-effective machines for sale worldwide. It quickly became clear that the task is «not sufficiently ambitious», and it brought up is not new, but very intriguing engineers the idea of the hybrid power plant. At it and all forces were thrown.

The world first saw the concept car Toyota Prius in October 1995 at the Tokyo motor show.

Newbie Prius was in whatever was to be the first on the planet benzoelektrosila mass-produced hybrid car. But difficulties arose one after the other in almost everything, and most of all trouble brought battery. To cope with problems had superhuman forces in record time. In the end the goal was achieved, and the creation of a new model cost just a billion dollars — average for this amount. The first production Prius, NHW10 marked, appeared «on the shelves» in December 1997.

The sedan with the installation of the Toyota Hybrid System (THS) was equipped with polutoralitrovom diesel engine 58 HP, 30-kilowatt electric motor and a planetary transmission connecting them with each other and with wheels (the General principle was maintained in the future). This meant 98 forces the total power consumption of slightly more than 5 l/100 km and emissions of CO2 of 120 g/km.

In 1998, the Prius was «Car of the year Japan». Up to the year 2000 Prius officially sold only in the Japanese market, and, as now, analysts say, Toyota is at a loss, because the cost of the machine was more than twice the price tag. But its role as a promoter of «green» vehicles, the car played: the Japanese have bought 12 thousand hybrids per year, and this modest achievement brought Toyotomi thinking about exporting.

The Prius model year 2001-code NHW11 has filled the gap between the first and second generation. The engines were more powerful (petrol now developed 70 HP, and the electric — 33 kW). «Combination» machine performance has reached 104 forces.

«Generation No. 1,5», accelerating to a hundred in 13 seconds, with a cost of $20 thousand went to conquer the markets of the USA and Europe. And although the Prius to America came later than its only competitor the Honda Insight first generation Toyota transmission model in the States for a long time which had to develop the car of the second generation.

«Second» Prius (XW20/NHW20) appeared in 2003. He used the same MC platform that its predecessor, and the same 1.5 engine but the bodywork has been completely redrawn. He stretched out with 4275 mm to 4450, the new form allowed us to obtain the coefficient of air resistance of 0.26.

On Prius XW20 engine power increased to 76 strength, and motor up to 50 kW (110 HP total). For the first time in the industry was applied to air conditioning with electric actuator, smaller and lighter was the Nickel-metal hydride battery.

On the sale of the millionth Prius, the Japanese announced in may 2008. The most popular until 2009 hybrid used in the US, where thanks to the «green» trend, supported by favorable terms of dealers, tax exemptions and other cakes, in 2005-2006, found buyers at 107,000 Prius in 2007 — more than 180 000, in 2008-2009 crisis years the sales amounted to $ 159 000 and 140 000 respectively. However, in the 2009 Champions out of the land of the rising sun: from January to December, the Japanese bought as many as 208 876 cars.

Third Prius (ZVW30) was released in early 2009. «Truck» was saved, but everything else has changed significantly. The new generation hybrid system built around the 98-strong unit 1.8, working on the Atkinson cycle. An electric motor developing 60 kW, and the total return system reached 136 HP machine Length increased to 4460 mm.

In the fall of 2009, Toyota showed the Prius Plug-in Hybrid Concept — a kind of «final ECOCAR», charging from wall outlet and emit only 60g/km CO2. Equipped with new lithium-ion Panasonic battery capacity of 5.2 kWh, the car was driving on a single charge without turning on the internal combustion engine 21 km at a speed of under a hundred.

Between the concept and the 600 series was released pre-production samples, sold in several countries, and in 2011 it stood on the conveyor of grid-connected hybrid ZVW35 index.

Serial «plug-in» Prius has been less capacious battery than the show car (4.4 kW•h), but the passport run on a single charge, the engineers were able to expand to 23 miles due to the growth of efficiency of electric drive. The Prius officially sold in more than 80 countries. In 2011, proven the name was extended to the compact hatch, Prius C and the compact MPV Prius V. In July 2015, cumulative sales of the Prius of all generations have surpassed 3.5 million units.

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